Handwriting analysts had no problem determining that all of the ransom notes were written by the same person. But pre-existing exemplars from the main suspect, Richard Bruno Hauptmann, were scarce, so the police had to get samples from Hauptmann in the police station by way of dictation. From those requested exemplars, handwriting analysts determined a match. However, the police officers' methods of obtaining those samples has since been called into question - Hauptmann was forced to write for hours and hours until he nearly passed out from exhaustion. He was also told how to write, and he was shown a ransom note and told to copy the handwriting as best he could, to name just a few of the major no-nos. This of course means that the validity of the determined handwriting match is in question, and Hauptmann's execution makes a re-test impossible. There are now strict rules in place about how police should obtain a requested exemplar. While every person's handwriting is unique, no one person writes exactly the same way twice.|But if we take spanking away from parents, you ask, how will they manage their children's behavior? You had a feeling you shouldn't spank your kids, but now it's official: Don't hit children - it's bad for them, says the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). The AAP has not issued an official statement regarding corporal punishment in 20 years, since the organization released a report discouraging spanking at home, while taking a hard line against corporal punishment in schools. Now the AAP, which represents about 67,000 doctors nationwide, advises parents against spanking, defined as "noninjurious, openhanded hitting with the intention of modifying child behavior." The reason? Not only is the time-honored tradition cruel, it's also ineffective as a means to change a child's behavior, and can lead to even more extreme behavior, which then leads to more severe physical punishment. Other studies have found spanking actually increases the occurrence of bad behavior, and one small MRI study even found adults who had received severe corporal punishment as children had less gray matter volume in the portion of their brains responsible for social function, as well as lower performance I.Q. But if we take spanking away from parents, you ask, how will they manage their children's behavior? Well, the purpose of discipline is to teach children what to do so they can grow into emotionally and socially healthy adults, not to provide adults with a way to blow off steam. The good news is that the 21st century has seen a marked decrease in the numbers of parents who admit to spanking their children. The AAP report also advises against verbal shaming of children.